Download A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton by Jeffrey Heath PDF

By Jeffrey Heath

This article offers grammar in English of a language of the Songhay kin of West Africa. The emphasis is on grammatical different types and morphosyntax. themes comprise: focalization and relativization, logophoric pronouns, conjunctions and serial verbs.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton Grammar Library, 19) PDF

Similar foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books

The Aeneid (Webster's French Thesaurus Edition)

This version is written in English. even if, there's a working French glossary on the backside of every web page for the more challenging English phrases highlighted within the textual content. there are various versions of The Aeneid. This variation will be necessary if you want

Webster's English to Portuguese Brazilian Crossword Puzzles: Level 16

Whether you don't like crossword puzzles, you could turn out loving those. Designed for mother-tongue or thoroughly fluent audio system of Portuguese Brazilian desirous to enhance their English abilities, the puzzles can also be exciting to English audio system. they're formatted in order that each one puzzle will be solved in 15 to half-hour.

Vocabulaire en dialogues : niveau intermédiaire

Le Vocabulaire en dialogues intermédiaire suggest 25 chapitres présentant des thèmes courants et variés (les échanges téléphoniques, le milieu professionnel, les voyages, les transports, l. a. géographie, l. a. personnalité and so forth. ). Chaque chapitre est organisé sur four pages : - une web page de dialogues réalistes et plaisants pour aborder les nouveautés lexicales, à travers des faits de los angeles vie quotidienne ; - une web page et demie d'explications et d'illustrations pour découvrir et approfondir le vocabulaire et les actes de paroles du thème ; - une web page et demie d'exercices variés et progressifs pour s'entraîner à l'emploi de ce lexique nouveau, avec une activité plus libre proposée à los angeles fin de chaque chapitre.

A Grammar of Modern Breton

The sequence builds an in depth choice of top of the range descriptions of languages around the globe. every one quantity deals a entire grammatical description of a unmarried language including totally analyzed pattern texts and, if acceptable, a glossary and different proper details that's on hand at the language in query.

Additional info for A Grammar of Koyra Chiini: The Songhay of Timbuktu (Mouton Grammar Library, 19)

Sample text

1 General restrictions on particular consonants All regular native consonants occur word-initially, except that tap r is found initially only in the postposition ra. Examples of each initial consonant can be easily gleaned from the dictionary (where, be it noted, η is alphabetized as though n, and s as though s). Native consonants that do not occur word-finally, excluding intensifiers and other interjections, are h, n, η (in Timbuktu), affricates [c j } , stops {p t d k g}, and sibilants (s s}.

2 for an inventory. Two examples are given here in (40). (40) Frozen contractions involving demonstrative * woo simple noun gloss "demonstrative" form mise manner misoo ~ musoo jaari day jaaroo gloss 'thus, like this' 'today' In the case of mise, the "demonstrative" form often shifts the i to u; this is favored by the combination of the labial m and the rounded vowel in the following syllable, but it is not phonologically regular and suggests lexical separation. 6 Phonology of Abstractive nominalizer -ey Many verbs have an abstractive nominalization ending in -ey or -oy.

Unlike the "true" nasalized vowels in the stems listed in the first paragraph of this section, those just listed are frequently resolved into an oral vowel plus nasal consonant when immediately followed by a stop, affricate, or liquid, especially within the same phrase. g. Def di, hence bargon di 'the metal drum', kuraan di 'the electricity', maqgazaen di 'the warehouse', milyon di 'the million', fugaan di 'the tin', and reglan di 'the boubou'. Before a fricative or semivowel, resolution is not usual: milyo foo One million'.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.10 of 5 – based on 19 votes