Download Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women by Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.) PDF

By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)

Over the decade the area has skilled a starting to be curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of gear. This curiosity has corresponded to a true progress within the volume, variety, and social effect of using alcohol and medication in lots of societies. for this reason, the quantity of analysis and writing just about drug difficulties has drastically elevated, and it has turn into very tricky for one person to take care of with all of the correct literature. there's hence an acute desire within the box for severe stories that check present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this want. The sequence isn't really to be an "annual evaluation" within the traditional feel. the purpose isn't really to hide the entire paintings mentioned in the course of the previous yr relating to a hard and fast collection of issues. really, it really is to give every year evaluative papers on subject matters during which sufficient contemporary growth has been made to change the final scope in a selected region. due to the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in each one quantity can be drawn from a number of disciplines. in spite of the fact that, a few volumes could be dedicated to one particĀ­ ular challenge, with person studies and papers studying quite a few facets of it. The composition of the editorial board and the foreign advisory board displays those targets. The editors are contributors of the senior clinical employees of the dependancy study starting place of Ontario.

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Cigarette smoking is also implicated in the etiology of respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and lung cancer. Here again, as Gritz points out, the prevalence of these conditions is higher in men than in women, but when rates of smoking in both sexes are taken into account, the sex difference diminishes significantly. The clear implication is that some factor related to smoking per se plays a primary causal role. Thorough studies of sex differences in morbidity and mortality of chronic users of other drugs do not appear to have been made.

A comparison of outcomes in the two groups would therefore contribute significantly to assessing the role of one important factor in cessation of drug use: motivation. The question of the possible role of other sex differences in prognostic factors bearing on treatment outcomes is examined in detail by Annis and Liban in relation to alcoholism. They conclude that at present, the evidence is suggestive but too limited to permit clear-cut conclusions. " The same considerations obviously apply to cigarette smoking and all other types of drug dependence.

But whether the possible correlation between the frequency of alcoholism in parents and children is genetically or environmentally determined, and whether or not this possible correlation applies to both sons and daughters of alcoholics, has not yet been definitively established. Evidence for Scandinavian males based on studies of twins, half siblings, and adoptees born to alcoholic parents strongly supports the notion that a genetic factor is involved. Studies in females are too few to permit any firm conclusions at this time, but those that do exist suggest that there may be a sex difference in this respect.

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