By Edward Caird
This e-book is a facsimile reprint and should comprise imperfections akin to marks, notations, marginalia and wrong pages.
By John Shelby Spong
Writing from his felony cellphone in Nazi Germany in 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a tender German theologian, sketched a imaginative and prescient of what he known as "religionless Christianity." during this booklet, John Shelby Spong places flesh onto the naked bones of Bonhoeffer's radical notion. the result's a strikingly new and diverse portrait of Jesus of Nazareth—a Jesus for the non-religious.
Spong demanding situations a lot of the normal knowing that has for thus lengthy surrounded the Jesus of heritage, from the story of his astounding beginning to a virgin, to the account of his cosmic ascension into the sky on the finish of his existence. Spong questions the historicity of the information that Jesus was once born in Bethlehem, that he had twelve disciples, and that the miracle tales have been intended to be descriptions of supernatural occasions. He additionally speaks on to these modern critics of Christianity who name God a "delusion" and who write letters to a "Christian nation" and describe how Christianity has turn into evil and destructive.
Spong invitations his readers to examine Jesus during the lens of either the Jewish scriptures and the liturgical lifetime of the first-century synagogue. disregarding the dispute approximately Jesus' nature that fed on the church's management for the 1st 500 years of Christian heritage as inappropriate, Spong proposes a brand new means of figuring out the divinity of Christ: because the final measurement of a fulfilled humanity. conventional Christians who nonetheless hold to dated techniques of the previous usually are not happy with this publication; although, skeptics of the twenty-first century aren't fairly so sure that brushing aside Jesus is the proper pathway to stroll. Jesus for the Non-Religious could be the publication that at last brings the pious and the secular right into a significant discussion, commencing the door to a dwelling Christianity within the post-Christian international.
By John W. Loftus
For approximately twenty years John W. Loftus used to be a religious evangelical Christian, an ordained minister of the Church of Christ, and an ardent apologist for Christianity. With 3 degrees--in philosophy, theology, and philosophy of religion--he was once adept at utilizing rational argumentation to safeguard the religion. yet through the years, as he ministered to numerous congregations and taught at Christian faculties, doubts concerning the credibility of key Christian tenets started to creep into his considering. via the past due Nineties he skilled a full-blown quandary of religion, as a result of emotional upheavals in his own existence in addition to the collection weight of the doubts he had lengthy entertained.
In this sincere appraisal of his trip from believer to atheist, Loftus conscientiously explains the stories and the reasoning method that led him to reject non secular trust. the majority of the e-book is his "cumulative case" opposed to Christianity. right here he lays out the philosophical, clinical, and old purposes that may be raised opposed to Christian trust. From the results of spiritual range, the authority of religion vs. cause, and the matter of evil, to the contradictions among the Bible and the medical worldview, the conflicts among conventional dogma and ancient facts, and lots more and plenty extra, Loftus covers loads of highbrow terrain. for each factor he succinctly summarizes some of the issues of view and offers references for additional studying. In end, he describes the results of existence with out trust in God, a few releasing, a few sobering.
This frank critique of Christian trust from a former insider will curiosity freethinkers in addition to a person with doubts concerning the claims of faith.
Towns of God strains city tradition of north the United States and Western Europe through the Seventies, to invite how theology can reply to the postmodern urban. when you consider that Harvey Cox released his well-known theological reaction to city dwelling throughout the mid-1960s little or no has been written to handle this primary topic. via analyses of latest movie, structure, literature, and standard theological assets in Augustine and Gregory of Nyssa, Graham Ward lays out a scientific theology which has the practise and construction of towns as its concentration. this can be very important studying for all these attracted to theology and concrete residing.
By F A Cox
By Mark A. Noll
Mark A. Noll, named one among America's so much influential evangelicals by way of Time journal, offers a clean and available historical past of Protestantism from the period of Martin Luther to the current day.
Noll starts with the founding of Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican, and Anabaptist church buildings within the sixteenth-century Reformation, and considers the increase of alternative vital Christian hobbies like Methodism and Pentecostalism. yet instead of concentrating on simply the regular ecu and American histories, he discusses the hot enlargement of Protestant hobbies in Africa, China, India, and Latin the US, emphasizing the on-going and speedily increasing tale of Protestants around the globe.
The booklet highlights the contributions of recognized figures starting from Martin Luther and John Calvin to Karl Barth, Dora Yu, Samuel Ajayi Crowther, and Pandita Ramabai, and it sheds mild on why Protestant energies have flagged lately within the Western international whereas increasing dramatically in different places. Detailing the most important issues of Protestant commonality--including the message of Christian salvation, reliance at the Bible, and association via own initiative--he illuminates the explanations for Protestantism's notable variety.
By Jaime Alvar
The conventional grand narrative correlating the decline of Graeco-Roman faith with the increase of Christianity has been stressed for 3 a long time.
This publication argues that the choice bills now rising considerably underestimate the position of 3 significant cults, of Cybele and Attis, Isis and Serapis, and Mithras. even though their alterations are simple, those cults current enough universal good points to justify their being taken typologically as a gaggle. All have been selective diversifications of a lot older cults of the Fertile Crescent.
It was once their relative sophistication, their mixture of the ingenious energy of strange fable with exact ritual functionality and moral seriousness, that enabled them either to concentration and to articulate a feeling of the autonomy of faith from the socio-political order, a feeling they shared with Early Christianity.
The idea of 'mystery' was once important to their skill to navigate the Weberian shift from ritualist to moral salvation.
By Bart D. Ehrman
During this hugely obtainable dialogue, Bart Ehrman examines the newest textual and archaeological resources for the lifetime of Jesus, besides the background of first-century Palestine, drawing a desirable portrait of the fellow and his teachings.
Ehrman exhibits us what historians have lengthy identified concerning the Gospels and the fellow who stands at the back of them. via a cautious assessment of the hot testomony (and different surviving assets, together with the extra lately found Gospels of Thomas and Peter), Ehrman proposes that Jesus will be top understood as an apocalyptic prophet--a guy confident that the realm may finish dramatically in the life of his apostles and new country will be created on the earth. in line with Ehrman, Jesus' trust in a coming apocalypse and his expectation of an utter reversal within the world's social association not just underscores the radicalism of his teachings but in addition sheds mild on either the attraction of his message to society's outcasts and the probability he posed to Jerusalem's confirmed management.
By David Albert Jones
David Albert Jones considers simple questions: how do we reside good within the face of loss of life? and while, if ever, is it valid intentionally to deliver human lifestyles to an finish? He focuses upon the detailed theological techniques to loss of life proven by means of 4 impressive Christian thinkers: Ambrose of Milan, Augustine of Hippo, Thomas Aquinas, and Karl Rahner. Jones's objective isn't essentially to contribute to the heritage of theology, yet fairly, via engagement with the concept of theologians of the earlier, to mirror on many of the sensible and existential matters that the procedure of loss of life offers for we all.
By Jeff Astley, Leslie J. Francis, Mandy Robbins, Mualla Selçuk
Spiritual educators at the present time are known as upon to allow kids to strengthen as fully-rounded humans in a multicultural and multifaith global. it's now not adequate to coach in regards to the heritage of religions: faith isn't relegated to the earlier. it truly is not enough to coach in regards to the observable outward phenomena of religions: faith isn't really constrained to practices, artefacts, and constructions observable within the outdoors international. it's also essential to take heavily what religions think approximately themselves, and what religions think approximately different religions.
noticeable from the interior, religions deal within the foreign money of fact. For the religions themselves, fact issues. Truth-claims can result in concord and peace, yet they could additionally engender discord and violence. What finally counts is how one set of truth-claims confronts or embraces the truths claimed by way of different, varied voices. accordingly those that train faith can't steer clear of facing the theology of religions.
during this number of unique essays, spiritual educators formed by way of either Christian and Islamic worldviews talk about the issues and possibilities that now face educators and believers alike, as they're faced by means of the problem of teaching religion and teaching truth. The dialogue nurtured on the 16th convention of the foreign Seminar on non secular schooling and Values is right here built additional, to stimulate wider mirrored image and form solid neighborhood perform.